一步一步教你安装Nginx+PHP+Mysql

发现很多VPS用LNMP一键安装包都 失败,有不能排错,唯有给出教程,一步一步教你安装,所谓授人于鱼不如授人于渔嘛,本文是在CentOS 5.4 操作系统下测试通过的,用的是DiaHosting上 的32位系统,为什么要用32位系统?就是为了节省内存,VPS内存都不是很多的,纯32位系统比X86_X64兼用32位系统更省内存.

安装步骤:

1,升级系统和安装相关的程序库
yum -y install yum-fastestmirror
yum -y update
yum -y install patch make gcc gcc-c++ gcc-g77 flex bison
yum -y install libtool libtool-libs kernel-devel autoconf
yum -y install libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel
yum -y install freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel
yum -y install glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 diff*
yum -y install bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs
yum -y install e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel
yum -y install openssl openssl-devel vim-minimal
yum -y install fonts-chinese scim-chewing scim-pinyin scim-tables-chinese

2,下载相关程序源码包
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/mysql-5.1.44.tar.gz
wget http://php-fpm.org/downloads/php-5.2.13-fpm-0.5.13.diff.gz
wget http://www.sfr-fresh.com/unix/www/php-5.2.13.tar.gz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/memcache-2.2.5.tgz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/eaccelerator-0.9.6.tar.bz2
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-i386.tar.gz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-x86_64.tar.gz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/pcre-8.01.tar.gz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/nginx-0.7.65.tar.gz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/phpMyAdmin-3.2.4-all-languages.tar.gz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/index.php

3,开始安装,先安装PHP需要的库程序
tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
cd libiconv-1.13.1/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local
make
make install
cd ../

tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure
make
make install
/sbin/ldconfig
cd libltdl/
./configure --enable-ltdl-install
make
make install
cd ../../

tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
cd mhash-0.9.9.9/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1
ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config

tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
./configure
make
make install
cd ../

4,安装mysql
tar -zxvf mysql-5.1.44.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.1.44
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/mysql --with-extra-charsets=all --enable-thread-safe-client --enable-assembler --with-charset=utf8 --enable-thread-safe-client --with-extra-charsets=all --with-big-tables --with-readline --with-ssl --with-embedded-server --enable-local-infile --without-debug
make && make install
cd ../

创建MySQL数据库,用默认的配置my.cnf
groupadd mysql
useradd -g mysql mysql
cp /usr/local/mysql/share/mysql/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql
chown -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/var
chgrp -R mysql /usr/local/mysql/.

添加Mysql启动服务,并且设置root密码
cp /usr/local/mysql/share/mysql/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql
chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysql
chkconfig --level 345 mysql on
echo "/usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql" >> /etc/ld.so.conf
echo "/usr/local/lib" >>/etc/ld.so.conf
ldconfig
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql /usr/lib/mysql
ln -s /usr/local/mysql/include/mysql /usr/include/mysql
service mysql start
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password root //root改为你需要的密码
service mysql restart

5,安装PHP(FastCGI模式)
tar zxvf php-5.2.13.tar.gz
gzip -cd php-5.2.13-fpm-0.5.13.diff.gz | patch -d php-5.2.13 -p1
cd php-5.2.13/
./buildconf --force
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-iconv-dir=/usr/local --with-freetype-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib --with-libxml-dir=/usr --enable-xml --disable-rpath --enable-discard-path --enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curl --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fastcgi --enable-fpm --enable-force-cgi-redirect --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-mhash --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-ftp
make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'
make install
cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
cd ../

6,安装PHP扩展模块
tar zxvf memcache-2.2.5.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.5/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

tar zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql
make
make install
cd ../

tar jxvf eaccelerator-0.9.6.tar.bz2
cd eaccelerator-0.9.6/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --enable-eaccelerator=shared --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make
make install
cd ../

安装Zend Optimizer,32位系统版本
tar zxvf ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-i386.tar.gz
mkdir -p /usr/local/zend/
cp ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-i386/data/5_2_x_comp/ZendOptimizer.so /usr/local/zend/

如果是64位系统,则
tar zxvf ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-x86_64.tar.gz
mkdir -p /usr/local/zend/
cp ZendOptimizer-3.3.9-linux-glibc23-x86_64/data/5_2_x_comp/ZendOptimizer.so /usr/local/zend/

配置php.ini
cat >>/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini<
7,修改php.ini文件
手工修改:查找/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini中的extension_dir = “./”
修改为extension_dir = “/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/”
并在此行后增加以下几行,然后保存:
extension = “memcache.so”
extension = “pdo_mysql.so”

再查找 output_buffering = Off
修改为output_buffering = On

自动修改:可执行以下shell命令,自动完成对php.ini文件的修改:
sed -i 's#extension_dir = "./"#extension_dir = "/usr/local/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/"nextension = "memcache.so"nextension = "pdo_mysql.so"n#' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
sed -i 's#output_buffering = Off#output_buffering = On#' /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

8,配置eAccelerator加速PHP:
创建缓存目录
mkdir -p /usr/local/eaccelerator_cache

配置php.ini
cat >>/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini<
9,创建www用户和组,以及主机需要的目录,日志目录
groupadd www
useradd -g www www
mkdir -p /home/www
chmod +w /home/www
mkdir -p /home/www/logs
chmod 777 /home/www/logs
chown -R www:www /home/www

10,创建php-fpm配置文件
rm -f /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

输入以下内容,我设置开的进程是5个.需要更改进程数,可以修改5


All relative paths in this config are relative to php's install prefix

Pid file
/usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.pid
Error log file
/usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.log
Log level
notice
When this amount of php processes exited with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS ...
10
... in a less than this interval of time, a graceful restart will be initiated.
Useful to work around accidental curruptions in accelerator's shared memory.
1m
Time limit on waiting child's reaction on signals from master
5s
Set to 'no' to debug fpm
yes

Name of pool. Used in logs and stats.
default
Address to accept fastcgi requests on.
Valid syntax is 'ip.ad.re.ss:port' or just 'port' or '/path/to/unix/socket'
/tmp/php-cgi.sock

Set listen(2) backlog
-1
Set permissions for unix socket, if one used.
In Linux read/write permissions must be set in order to allow connections from web server.
Many BSD-derrived systems allow connections regardless of permissions.


0666

Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers.

/usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i
1

Unix user of processes
www
Unix group of processes
www
Process manager settings

Sets style of controling worker process count.
Valid values are 'static' and 'apache-like'
static
Sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will be served.
Equivalent to Apache MaxClients directive.
Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment in original php.fcgi
Used with any pm_style.
5
Settings group for 'apache-like' pm style

Sets the number of server processes created on startup.
Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected
20
Sets the desired minimum number of idle server processes.
Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected
5
Sets the desired maximum number of idle server processes.
Used only when 'apache-like' pm_style is selected
35

The timeout (in seconds) for serving a single request after which the worker process will be terminated
Should be used when 'max_execution_time' ini option does not stop script execution for some reason
'0s' means 'off'
0s
The timeout (in seconds) for serving of single request after which a php backtrace will be dumped to slow.log file
'0s' means 'off'
0s
The log file for slow requests
logs/slow.log
Set open file desc rlimit
51200
Set max core size rlimit
0
Chroot to this directory at the start, absolute path

Chdir to this directory at the start, absolute path

Redirect workers' stdout and stderr into main error log.
If not set, they will be redirected to /dev/null, according to FastCGI specs
yes
How much requests each process should execute before respawn.
Useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries.
For endless request processing please specify 0
Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS
10240
Comma separated list of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients that allowed to connect.
Equivalent to FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment in original php.fcgi (5.2.2+)
Makes sense only with AF_INET listening socket.
127.0.0.1
Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH
All $VARIABLEs are taken from current environment

$HOSTNAME
/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
/tmp
/tmp
/tmp
$OSTYPE
$MACHTYPE
2




11,启动php-cgi进程,监听127.0.0.1的9000端口,进程数为5,用户为www
ulimit -SHn 65535
/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start

注:/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm还有其他参数,包 括:start|stop|quit|restart|reload|logrotate,修改php.ini后不重启php-cgi,重新加载配置文件 使用reload

12,安装Nginx
tar zxvf pcre-8.01.tar.gz
cd pcre-8.01/
./configure
make && make install
cd ../

tar zxvf nginx-0.7.65.tar.gz
cd nginx-0.7.65/
./configure --user=www --group=www --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_gzip_static_module
make && make install
cd ../

13,创建Nginx配置文件
mkdir -p /usr/local/nginx/conf/servers
rm -f /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

输入以下内容:
user www www;
worker_processes 1;
error_log /home/www/logs/nginx_error.log crit;
pid /usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid;
#Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by this process.
worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;
events
{
use epoll;
worker_connections 65535;
}
http
{
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;
#charse gb2312;
server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
client_header_buffer_size 128k;
large_client_header_buffers 4 256k;
client_max_body_size 8m;
sendfile on;
tcp_nopush on;
keepalive_timeout 60;
tcp_nodelay on;

fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;

gzip on;
gzip_min_length 1k;
gzip_buffers 4 16k;
gzip_http_version 1.1;
gzip_comp_level 9;
gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
gzip_vary on;
output_buffers 4 32k;
postpone_output 1460;

#limit_zone crawler $binary_remote_addr 10m;

server
{
listen 80;
server_name vps.imcat.in;
index index.html index.htm index.php;
include location.conf;
root /home/www;
}
include servers/*;
}

14,在/usr/local/nginx/conf/目录中创建location.conf文件:
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/location.conf

输入内容:
location ~ .*.(php|php5)?$
{
#fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
include fastcgi.conf;
}

location ~ .*.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$
{
expires 30d;
}

location ~ .*.(js|css)?$
{
expires 12h;
}

多站点管理,可以在/usr/local/nginx/conf/servers目录添加配置文件,格式为:
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/servers/imcat.conf

内容:
server

{
listen 80;
server_name imcat.in;
index index.html index.htm index.php;
root /home/www/imcat;
}

请注意,我是没有开启Nginx日志记录功能的.
启动Nginx:
ulimit -SHn 65535
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

放个探针看看
mv index.php /home/www/

访问你的IP看看吧!

15,安装phpMyAdmin,管理Mysql数据库
tar zxvf phpMyAdmin-3.2.4-all-languages.tar.gz
mv phpMyAdmin-3.2.4-all-languages /home/www/phpmyadmin

16,配置开机自动启动Nginx + PHP
echo "ulimit -SHn 65535" >>/etc/rc.local
echo "/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start" >>/etc/rc.local
echo "/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx" >>/etc/rc.local

17,优化Linux内核参数(我只在Xen VPS用过,Openvz VPS失败,慎用)
vi /etc/sysctl.conf

在最后加入
# Add
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 65536
net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 32768
net.core.somaxconn = 32768

net.core.wmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_default = 8388608
net.core.rmem_max = 16777216
net.core.wmem_max = 16777216

net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 2
net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 2

net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
#net.ipv4.tcp_tw_len = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1

net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 94500000 915000000 927000000
net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 3276800

#net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 30
#net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 120
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65535

使配置立即生效:
/sbin/sysctl -p

18,需要安装ftp的,可以简单安装vsftpd应用:
yum -y install vsftpd
/etc/init.d/vsftpd start
chkconfig --level 345 vsftpd on

19,请务必更改www用户密码:
passwd www

全文完!欢迎抓错误!

60 Comments

Add a Comment
  1. 哈哈。换主题了啊。。我装lnmp成功了,回来有时间了拆了在试试这个…
    我昨天自己装了phpmyadmin,基本上看着文档还可以安装成功。

  2. 你又换主题了。
    我打算先在虚拟机里配置一遍,似乎像我一样用Ubuntu服务器的不多嘛。

    1. @LAONB 经常换主题,保持新鲜感….Ubuntu啊?貌似不错,都可以直接安装软件,简单,虽然不是最新版本,但也不旧~

  3. 那用nginx怎么配置wp的permalink和wp-supercache的转向呢?

  4. 第三步那里 是全复制了在ssh里执行吗?还是一行一行的?怎么我一行一行的执行到make说没目标。

    1. @Sivan 不可以这样复制到ssh里面执行

      tar zxvf libiconv-1.13.1.tar.gz
      cd libiconv-1.13.1/
      ./configure –prefix=/usr/local
      make
      make install
      cd ../

      但不要全部复制

  5. 一直在用猫哥的一键包,感觉自己编译有时会出错

    1. @水牛 一键包你学不到什么知识的..自己动手就能解决问题了

  6. 谢谢猫哥,多多学习~~

  7. 安装mysql暂时失败中,提示错误
    cc1plus: out of memory allocating 4410480 bytes after a total of 14692352 bytes
    make[3]: *** [sql_yacc.o] Error 1
    make[3]: Leaving directory `/mysql-5.1.44/sql’
    make[2]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
    make[2]: Leaving directory `/mysql-5.1.44/sql’
    make[1]: *** [all] Error 2
    make[1]: Leaving directory `/mysql-5.1.44/sql’
    make: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
    后面的无法继续,暂时跳过。

    安装php那里你好像写错了。应该是cd php-5.2.13 吧。。

  8. 暂时借你这里记录下哈。。别介意哈。
    [root@vps8 php-5.2.13]# make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS=’-liconv’
    make: *** No targets specified and no makefile found. Stop.
    [root@vps8 php-5.2.13]# make install
    make: *** No rule to make target `install’. Stop.

  9. 不行了后面好多无法继续了。。。弄个lnmp好难啊。。我暂时就成功了一次,就是centos4配合你的老版lnmp,但是那般phpmyadmin还是需要我自己装,后来也是mysql出了问题,会不会是我的vps的问题?

    1. @猪小猪 mysql安装失败的话,就不能继续安装php了.一步一步安装mysql看看错误在哪里..

      1. @ゞ猫 我就是按照你这个一步一步安装的,centos也是5.4呢。mysql错误提示这个。安装mysql暂时失败中,提示错误
        cc1plus: out of memory allocating 4410480 bytes after a total of 14692352 bytes
        make[3]: *** [sql_yacc.o] Error 1
        make[3]: Leaving directory `/mysql-5.1.44/sql’
        make[2]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
        make[2]: Leaving directory `/mysql-5.1.44/sql’
        make[1]: *** [all] Error 2
        make[1]: Leaving directory `/mysql-5.1.44/sql’
        make: *** [all-recursive] Error 1

        用的是ramhost.us

  10. 哇,真是详细,可惜我没有vps可以玩。。

  11. cpanel安装nginx的飘过~虽然我是叫管理员安装的~不过这篇东西还是很有用的~谢谢~

  12. 你能不能帮我配置下 啊 绝对的新手 只是想做个网站 你的内存是多大的 啊lovexxdsj#gmail.com

  13. 博主 你的php-fpm.conf麻烦你自己再确定下

  14. 只知道编辑时候用vi 查找用find
    所以uqian此文还不能很好的贯彻实践 – – 继续学习ing~

  15. 09 yum -y install e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel
    10 yum -y install openssl openssl-devel vim-minimal
    11 yum -y install fonts-chinese scim-chewing scim-pinyin scim-tables-chinese

    没用阿,Nothing to do

    1. @dk 难道你已经安装了以上的东西了?新装的系统,应该没有的

  16. 的确,上次玩的vps一键安装就没成功,不过一步一步真复杂,只能当练习打字一样照搬

  17. @zwwooooo 虽然是照搬,但不一定成功的.自己能找出错误,以后就会安装了.我就是这样来的~

  18. 不错,但是php-fpm.conf有点问题,重新编辑就好了,已经安装成功。

  19. /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start 在执行这个的时候

    提示:
    Starting php_fpm /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf:110: parser error : Opening and ending tag mismatch: value line 39 and section

    ^
    /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf:111: parser error : Opening and ending tag mismatch: section line 22 and workers

    ^
    /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf:112: parser error : Opening and ending tag mismatch: workers line 21 and configuration

    ^
    /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf:113: parser error : Premature end of data in tag configuration line 2

    ^
    Apr 08 19:10:59.220621 [ERROR] fpm_conf_init_main(), line 517: failed to load configuration file: failed to parse conf file
    failed

  20. 我的更变态啊,我的为什么不能用wget命令啊,以用就提示 -bash:wget:command not found 我就日了

    1. 你可以看我这文章
      http://www.imfeng.com/linux-rootlocalhost-bash-3-2/
      Linux 开机启动[root@localhost]变成bash-3.2#解决方法

  21. 真是强人,如果我也会安装Nginx+php+mysql就美了

  22. 如果在代码段最后加一个回车就好了
    这样可以直接在终端窗口里粘贴就都执行完事
    现在没有最后一个回车,最后一个命令需要手动执行一下

  23. /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf有错误,改成下面的就可以了

    All relative paths in this config are relative to php’s install prefix

    Pid file
    /usr/local/php/logs/php-fpm.pid
    Error log file
    /home/www/logs/php-fpm.log
    Log level
    notice
    When this amount of php processes exited with SIGSEGV or SIGBUS …
    10
    … in a less than this interval of time, a graceful restart will be initiated.
    Useful to work around accidental curruptions in accelerator’s shared memory.
    1m
    Time limit on waiting child’s reaction on signals from master
    5s
    Set to ‘no’ to debug fpm
    yes

    Name of pool. Used in logs and stats.
    default
    Address to accept fastcgi requests on.
    Valid syntax is ‘ip.ad.re.ss:port’ or just ‘port’ or ‘/path/to/unix/socket’
    127.0.0.1:9000

    -1
    Set permissions for unix socket, if one used.
    In Linux read/write permissions must be set in order to allow connections from web server.
    Many BSD-derrived systems allow connections regardless of permissions.
    www
    www
    0666

    Additional php.ini defines, specific to this pool of workers.

    /usr/sbin/sendmail -t -i
    0

    Unix user of processes
    www
    Unix group of processes
    www
    Process manager settings

    Sets style of controling worker process count.
    Valid values are ‘static’ and ‘apache-like’
    static
    Sets the limit on the number of simultaneous requests that will be served.
    Equivalent to Apache MaxClients directive.
    Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_CHILDREN environment in original php.fcgi
    Used with any pm_style.
    5
    Settings group for ‘apache-like’ pm style

    Sets the number of server processes created on startup.
    Used only when ‘apache-like’ pm_style is selected
    20
    Sets the desired minimum number of idle server processes.
    Used only when ‘apache-like’ pm_style is selected
    5
    Sets the desired maximum number of idle server processes.
    Used only when ‘apache-like’ pm_style is selected
    35

    The timeout (in seconds) for serving a single request after which the worker process will be terminated
    Should be used when ‘max_execution_time’ ini option does not stop script execution for some reason
    ‘0s’ means ‘off’
    0s
    The timeout (in seconds) for serving of single request after which a php backtrace will be dumped to slow.log file
    ‘0s’ means ‘off’
    0s
    The log file for slow requests
    logs/slow.log
    Set open file desc rlimit
    65535
    Set max core size rlimit
    0
    Chroot to this directory at the start, absolute path

    Chdir to this directory at the start, absolute path

    Redirect workers’ stdout and stderr into main error log.
    If not set, they will be redirected to /dev/null, according to FastCGI specs
    yes
    How much requests each process should execute before respawn.
    Useful to work around memory leaks in 3rd party libraries.
    For endless request processing please specify 0
    Equivalent to PHP_FCGI_MAX_REQUESTS
    102400
    Comma separated list of ipv4 addresses of FastCGI clients that allowed to connect.
    Equivalent to FCGI_WEB_SERVER_ADDRS environment in original php.fcgi (5.2.2+)
    Makes sense only with AF_INET listening socket.
    127.0.0.1
    Pass environment variables like LD_LIBRARY_PATH
    All $VARIABLEs are taken from current environment

    $HOSTNAME
    /usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin
    /tmp
    /tmp
    /tmp
    $OSTYPE
    $MACHTYPE
    2

    1. 是因为那个xml的文件格式错误了

      其实可以拿原版的文件简单改下

      增加group跟user为www即可

      1. /tmp/php-cgi.sock 应该改为127.0.0.1:9000

  24. 能弄个apache2.2.15+php5.3.2(fastcgi)+php-fpm/spawn-fcgi教程吗,非常感谢!
    另外这个问题能帮忙解决吗?不胜感激!
    http://bbs.chinaunix.net/thread-1722019-1-1.html

  25. 为什么要yum updata ,这条命令会乱下载东西,什么phprpm包也下载了,实际上,根本不需要,我觉得先要沥青需要那些基础包,如gcc libtool 什么的.一安装就下载,也不知道下载了那些内容,有些浪费,
    还有个问题就是安装的mysql 的时候在./configure 后会出现libtoolt问题,我从mysql 9.1.39到44这个版本,没有不出现这个问题的,不知道你们安装会不会出现类似情况,也不知道是那个库少安装了

    1. 这些软件肯定是你的系统自带的,所以运行这个命令的时候,就会更新这些软件..

  26. 你这怎么上传附件啊

  27. 安装完Zend Optimizer 下面
    配置php.ini
    cat >>/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini<
    这句是什么啊?

  28. 64位的比32位的快啊, 为节省一点内存,而牺牲了性能花不来。我用的是CentOS 5.5 64-bit的。也没见耗多少内存。Nginx对内存也是很节省的。

  29. 猫,我按照你的方法装LNMP,装到/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm start这里出错了.因为我PHP目录下根本没有SBIN目录.我不知道你的PHP目录下为什么有sbin目录.还有个地方不懂,想请教你下.而且我只看到了一个php-fpm的配置文件,配置文件也可以起动?可以的话,加我Q:303751078.现在正学习LNMP环境怎么装,新手,刚学linux,希望你能指导下.谢谢

  30. 我刚才看到了一个php-fpm.in的文件,不过不是在/usr/local/php/sbin目录下,而是压缩包,接压后的文件中.后来我将php-fpm.in复制到了/usr/local/php/ect目录下.然后想启动/usr/local/php/ect/php-fpm.in start.但是报错,说着不到这个文件,或者目录.

  31. 还有php目录下,编译后没有logs文件夹,也着不到php-fpm.pid这个东西.

    1. @一颗小白菜 这里可能由于wp的原因,代码有点错误.你可以参照一下这个安装包,对比一下文章的说明就可以了…
      http://imcat.in/down/web/lnmp1.5.tar.gz
      就是里面这个文件install.sh

  32. 文章不错,就会回复的功能有点雷。。。

  33. 为什么在“./configure –prefix=/usr/local”这会显示错误啊?

    1. 为什么在“./configure –prefix=/usr/local”这会显示错误啊?
      这里的perfix前面是 –prefix就对了

  34. php -m 没有找到pdo_mysql模块,,在phpinfo中却能找到,不知道楼主是否也存在同样的问题

  35. 502 错误 各种错 不太顺利 搞了一个上午 下班还是502 各种调

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